Website Development with Kulkul

8 Basic Concepts of Website Development


Here are the 8 basic concepts of website development that you need to know!

1. What is a Website?

A website is an information in a collection of pages that the public can access via the internet. You do this by writing the URL in a browser such as Google Chrome, Mozilla, and Opera. For example, Kulkul’s website address or URL is If the URL is clicked, your browser will load the landing page of our website.

2. What is an IP Address?

IP Address is an identity in the form of a series of numbers owned by a device. Each device has a different number. To find out the computer’s IP address, you can type “what’s my IP address” in your browser. Meanwhile, to find out the IP Address of the website, you can visit sites such as

Well, the function of the IP Address is to connect one device to another. When the device is connected, you can access the website. How can someone access a website on the internet with a row of numbers?

Just imagine the IP Address as a cellphone number. You need to enter the number and press the dial button to call someone. But instead of bothering to remember the number, you can save the number to your contacts. So is the case with websites. To open a website, you need a particular IP Address. However, typing the IP Address manually to open a website is, of course, a hassle. To be more practical, just type in the URL or website domain address.

3. What is HTTP?

Transferring data to and from an IP Address is not possible without HTTP. Then, what is HTTP?

HTTP is a data transfer protocol from a website server to a client or computer. The existence of data transfer allows you to view various information such as documents, files, images, and videos in the browser. Then how does data transfer work via HTTP? How it works is divided into three steps.

First, the HTTP client or computer requests data to the webserver. Then, the HTTP web server processes requests by searching for data or documents. Last, it sends data or documents to the HTTP client.

4. What is coding?

Coding is an activity that programmers do to communicate with a computer to execute a command. You do this by writing a line of code in a programming language. Then, why is coding important to learn for website development?

Unlike how we communicate, computers do not use words or language terms. The computer only understands data in the form of on and off. Coding programming languages can only do data processing. You can instruct the computer to create parts of a website by coding a programming language, such as website interfaces, website security systems, and website server development.

Also read: Web Development: How Company Stays Exist in the Market

5. What is Front-End?

The front-end is the part of a website that the user immediately sees. The front-end is built using several programming languages. Examples include HTML, CSS, and Gatsby JS. When there is a transfer of data from the server to the browser, coding the programming language for the front-end will load the website display. Loading is done without having to constantly “communicate” with the computer, thanks to cache support.

Through the front-end of the website, users can interact directly with the content and components of the website. For example, watching videos, opening images, marking sentences, etc.

6. What is Back-End?

The back-end is the back-end of a website. The back-end consists of digital infrastructure in numbers, letters, and symbols on the website server. That is, this section is not visible to the user. Creating the back-end requires far more programming languages ​​than the front-end. The front-end may only require JavaScript. However, the server requires almost all languages.

The languages ​​used to build the back-end include PHP, Ruby, Python, and others. An example of a back-end is a web-based application. One of them is the Content Management System (CMS) website.

7. What is a Content Management System (CMS)?

CMS is an application or system for creating and managing website content. For example, company profile websites, online store websites, blogs, forums, etc. CMS is like instant noodles. CMS allows you to create a website instantly without the hassle of understanding programming language coding.

One example of a CMS is WordPress. WordPress is a very popular CMS for websites. About 65.2% of websites worldwide use WordPress. Besides WordPress, there are still many CMS that you can use such as Wix or GoDaddy.

8. What is Cyber ​​Security?

As long as there is the internet, other users will be trying to steal your website data. For example, personal data or customer data on your online store website. Well, that’s why a website needs cyber security. Implementing cyber security can reduce the risk of threats targeting your computer system.

Cyber ​​security is an effort to protect systems, networks, data, and programs from digital attacks. For example, computer devices, applications, and information sent or stored on the website. If you want to learn website development, you also need to know more about cyber security. The goal is that your website is safe from various security attacks.

In Conclusion

Well, now you understand the basic concepts of website development. But knowing the idea is not enough. If you want to become a web developer, you also need to understand the types of website development. Understanding the types of website development makes it easier for you to have a professional sector that you are most interested in and master. So, without further ado, let’s see the following discussion!

Written by Faris

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